Helen Norton

Professor of Law

University of Colorado Law School
Wolf Law Building
401 UCB
Boulder, CO  80309-0401
Office: 412
Phone: (303) 492-5751
E-mail: helen.norton@colorado.edu

Curriculum Vitae:  View (PDF format)

Educational Background:
J.D.   University of California at Berkeley   1989  
B.A.   Stanford University   1986   with Distinction
Bio:

Helen Norton joined the Colorado Law faculty in 2007, after earlier serving as a visiting professor at the University of Maryland School of Law and as the E. George Rudolph Distinguished Visiting Chair at the University of Wyoming College of Law. Her scholarly and teaching interests include constitutional law, civil rights, and employment discrimination law; she has been honored with the Excellence in Teaching Award on multiple occasions and was appointed a University of Colorado Presidential Teaching Scholar in 2014. She served as leader of President-elect Obama's transition team charged with reviewing the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 2008, and is frequently invited to testify before Congress and federal agencies on civil rights law and policy issues.

Before entering academia, Professor Norton served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Justice, where she managed the Civil Rights Division's Employment Litigation, Educational Opportunities, and Coordination and Review Sections, and as Director of Legal and Public Policy at the National Partnership for Women & Families, where she practiced appellate litigation and engaged in administrative and legislative advocacy on a range of employment and civil rights matters. She holds a J.D. from Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California at Berkeley, where she served as Associate Editor of the California Law Review, and a B.A. from Stanford University, where she graduated with distinction.



Selected Publications

Siri-ously? Free Speech Rights for Artificial Intelligence, 110 NW. U. L. REV. (forthcoming 2016) (with Toni M. Massaro).
The Government's Lies and the Constitution, 91 IND. L.J. 73 (2015).
Government Speech and Political Courage, 68 STAN. L. REV. ONLINE 61 (2015).
Lies To Manipulate, Misappropriate, and Acquire Government Power, in Austin D. Sarat, ed., LAW AND LIES: DECEPTION AND TRUTH-TELLING IN THE AMERICAN LEGAL SYSTEM (Cambridge University Press 2015).
Setting the Tipping Point For Disclosing The Identity of Anonymous Online Speakers: Lessons from Other Disclosure Contexts, 49 WAKE FOREST L. REV. 565 (2014).
Lies and the Constitution, 2012 SUPREME CT. REVIEW 161 (2013).
Secrets, Lies, and Disclosures, 27 JOURNAL OF LAW AND POLITICS 641 (2012).
The Equal Implications of Government's Hateful Speech, 54 WM. & MARY L. REV. 159 (2012).
Campaign Speech Law With a Twist: When Government is the Speaker, Not the Regulator, 61 EMORY L.J. 209 (2011).
Intermediaries and Hate Speech: Fostering Digital Citizenship for the Information Age, 91 BOSTON U. L. REV. 1435 (2011) (with Danielle Keats Citron).
The Supreme Court's Post-Racial Turn Towards a Zero-Sum Understanding of Equality, 52 WM. & MARY L. REV. 197 (2010).
Government Speech 2.0., 87 DENV. U. L. REV. 899 (2010) (with Danielle Keats Citron).
Constraining Public Employee Speech: Government's Control of Its Workers' Speech to Protect Its Own Expression, 59 DUKE L.J. 1 (2009).
The Measure of Government Speech: Identifying Expression's Source, 88 BOSTON U. L. REV. 587 (2008).

Congressional Testimony

Federal Antidiscrimination Law Implications of Excluding Currently Unemployed Workers from Consideration for Job Opportunities, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (2011).
The Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act: Hearing on H.R. 3721 Before the Subcomm. on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties of the H. Comm. on the Judiciary, 111th Cong. (2010).
The Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act: Hearing on S. 1756 Before the S. Comm. on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, 111th Cong. (2010).
Employment Non-Discrimination Act: Ensuring Opportunity for All Americans: Hearing Before the S. Comm. On Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, 111th Cong. (2009).
Protecting American Employees from Workplace Discrimination: Hearing on H.R. 1431 Before H. Subcomm. on Health, Employment, Labor and Pensions of the H. Comm. on Education and Labor, 110th Cong. (2008).
Civil Rights Division Oversight: Hearing Before S. Comm. on the Judiciary, 110th Cong. (2007).

Selected Press, Media & Publicity

Truth and Lies in the Workplace: Employer Speech and the First Amendment | Social Science Research Network | Friday, February 26, 2016
Florida Rules Prohibiting Uncertified Lawyers from Advertising as Specialists are Struck Down | ABA Journal | Monday, February 1, 2016
Could Computers Have First Amendment Rights? | The Wall Street Journal Law Blog | Wednesday, November 18, 2015
GOVERNMENT SPEECH AND POLITICAL COURAGE | Stanford Law Review | Friday, October 30, 2015
Massaro & Norton on Communicative Artificial Intelligence & the First Amendment | Legal Theory Blog | Monday, August 17, 2015
Expand harassment laws to protect victims of online abuse | Aljazeera America | Saturday, March 21, 2015
Tennessee Town Bans Negative Online Comments, Gets Trolled by Reddit | Bloomberg Businessweek.com | Wednesday, December 17, 2014
The Unemployed Need Not Apply | The New York Times | Saturday, February 19, 2011

Courses:

Spring 2016 Constitutional Law LAWS 6005-802
Spring 2016 First Amendment LAWS 7015-001
Fall 2015 Problem Solving, Professional Judgment, and Decision Making LAWS 6813-001
Spring 2014 Constitutional Law LAWS 6005-801
Fall 2013 Antidiscrimination and First Amendment LAWS 8035-001
Spring 2013 Constitutional Law LAWS 6005-803
Fall 2012 Legislation and Regulation LAWS 5205-802
Fall 2012 Torts I LAWS 5425-803