Independent study and preparation of a research paper under supervision of a faculty member. The student must produce a research paper at least equivalent to a seminar research paper. The normal expectation is that a draft will be submitted, subjected to critique by the faculty member, and redrafted. Specific permission of the supervising faculty member is required before registering. Available during or after the fifth semester of law school. Two credits may be earned by doing two projects, each for one hour of credit, under the supervision of different faculty and involving different areas of law.